Underground Film Journal

Underground Film Timeline: 1960 — 1969

Timeline: Index

Below is a list of significant events and films in underground film history between the years 1960 and 1969.

Reference key:
D.C: David Curtis. Experimental Cinema. New York: Dell Pub., 1978.
D.E.J.: David E. James. The Most Typical Avant-garde: History and Geography of Minor Cinemas in Los Angeles. Berkeley: University of California, 2005.
J.M.: Jonas Mekas. Movie Journal: The Rise of a New American Cinema, 1959-1971. Collier Books, 1972.
J.S.: Jack Sargeant. Deathtripping: the Extreme Underground. Brooklyn: Soft Skull, 2008. (Originally published: London: Creation, 1995.)
P.A.S.: P. Adams Sitney. Visionary Film: the American Avant-garde, 1943-2000. New York: Oxford UP, 2002.
S.M.: Scott MacDonald. Canyon Cinema: the Life and times of an Independent Film Distributor. Berkeley: University of California, 2008.
S.R.: Sheldon Renan. An Introduction to the American Underground Film. New York: Dutton, 1967.

1960

Major Events:

July 21: The Village Voice publishes a negative review of Pull My Daisy written by Maya Deren.

July 29 — August 6: Jonas Mekas films Guns of the Trees on Long Island, and in and around NYC [Journal Note: Most likely, these are not the only shooting dates of the film, but are what Mekas recounted in his “Movie Journal” column.] (J.M.)

September 28: “A number of film-makers met at the New York office of producer Lewis Allen to found what they called ‘The New American Cinema Group’.” From this group would derive the term “New American Cinema.” (S.R.; S.M.) (P.A.S. adds that the meeting was called by Jonas Mekas, included 23 filmmakers and composed a revolutionary manifesto.)

Jonas Mekas picks Maya Deren to fill-in for him as film critic for the Village Voice during the summer when he takes off to make Guns of the Trees. (P.A.S.)

Peter Emanuel Goldman graduates from Brown University. (S.R.)

Ron Rice, Vernon Zimmerman and Bruce Baillie finish first films. (S.R.)

The Bleeker Street Theater hosts a screening of the complete works of Maya Deren. (P.A.S.)

J.J. Pauvert publishes Kenneth Anger‘s Hollywood Babylon. (P.A.S.)

In Film Culture 20, Jonas Mekas lists the significant new film-makers working at the time: Joseph Strick (The Savage Eye); Lionel Rogosin (Come Back Africa); John Cassavetes (Shadows); Robert Frank and Alfred Leslie (Pull My Daisy); Maya Deren (The Very Eye of Night); Charles Boultenhouse (Hand Written); Bert Stern (Jazz on a Summer’s Day); Shirley Clarke (The Connection) and Adolfas Mekas (Guns of the Trees). (D.C.)

Significant Films:

U.S.:

Stan Brakhage:
The Dead (1958-60) (DVD) (S.R.) (P.A.S. lists as just 1960)

Robert Branaman:
Wichita Film (S.R.)

Robert Breer:
Homage to Jean Tinguely’s Hommage to New York
Inner and Outer Space
(S.R.; P.A.S.)

Shirley Clarke:
The Connection (S.R.) (S.M. lists as 1961)

Carmen D’Avino:
A Trip (S.R.)

Ed Emshwiller:
Life Lines (S.R.; D.C.)
Variable Studies (1960– ) (unfinished) (S.R.)

Larry Jordan:
Hymn in Praise of the Sun
Minerva Looks Out Into the Zodiac
(S.R.)

George and Mike Kuchar:
A Tub Named Desire (S.R.; J.S.)
I Was a Teen Age Rumpot (J.S.) (S.R. gives two years: 1958 & 1960)

Gregory Markopoulos:
Serenity (1955-60) (S.R.)

Film still of Taylor Mead in The Flower Thief

Marie Menken:
Faucet (1960– ) (unfinished) (S.R.)

Ron Rice:
The Flower Thief (D.C.) (S.R. and P.A.S. both mention film stars Taylor Mead)

Jack Smith:
Overstimulated (S.R.; J.S.)

Stan Vanderbeek:
Achoo Mr. Kerroochev
Skullduggery Part I
Black and Whites, Days and Nights
(S.R.)

Austria:

Peter Kubelka:
Arnulf Rainer (1958-60) (P.A.S.) (D.C. lists as 1957)

1961

Major Events:

Bruce Baillie begins free screening series in the Bay Area. (D.C.) (P.A.S. describes it as Canyon Cinema being founded by Baillie) (S.M. quotes Baillie as saying that the screenings began “around 1960” in the back yard of a house he was renting in San Francisco with his girlfriend Kikuko. He initially screened films weekly and informally names his makeshift outdoor theater “Canyon Cinema.”

The New American Cinema Group becomes incorporated. (S.M.)

Jack Smith and Ken Jacobs stage The Human Wreckage Show. (D.C.)

Maya Deren dies. (P.A.S.)

James Broughton weds. (To whom is not mentioned by source.) Asks Stan Brakhage to film the ceremony. (P.A.S.)

Stan Vanderbeek “seemingly” invents the term “underground film” in the magazine Film Quarterly (XIV, 4).

Significant Films:

U.S.:

Kenneth Anger:
Histoire d’O (1959-61) (left in France, Anger fears to screen it) (S.R.)

Bruce Baillie:
Sundays (1960-61) (S.R.) (S.M. lists as just 1961 and with the title On Sundays)
Mr. Hayashi (S.R.; P.A.S.; S.M.)
The Sculpture of David Lynn (S.R.) (S.M. lists as David Lynn’s Sculpture)
The Gymnasts (S.R.; S.M.)
Friend Fleeing (S.R.) (S.M. lists film as 1962 and title Friend Feeling)

Jordan Belson:
Allures (D.C.; P.A.S. lists as 1961) (S.R. lists twice with two separate dates: 1960 and 1961)

Stan Brakhage:
Dog Star Man: Prelude (P.A.S.)
Thigh Line Lyre Triangular (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.)
Films by Stan Brakhage (S.R.; D.C.) (P.A.S. lists as 1962 and as title Films by Stan Brakhage: An Avant-Garde Home Movie)

Robert Branaman:
The Filmore Bus (S.R.)

Robert Breer:
Blazes (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.)

Bruce Conner:
Cosmic Ray (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.)

Dan Drasin:
Sunday (J.M.)

Charles Eames:
Kaleidoscope (S.R.)

Robert Frank:
The Sin of Jesus (S.R.; J.M.)

Red Grooms:
The Unwelcome Guests (S.R.)

Film still of Little Stabs at Happiness featuring Jack Smith burning a doll

Curtis Harrington:
Night Tide (D.C.)

Ken Jacobs:
Little Stabs at Happiness (1958-61) (starring Jack Smith) (DVD) (S.R.) (P.A.S. lists as 1959-63)
The Death of P’Town (starring Jack Smith) (S.R.)

Larry Jordan:
The Movie Critic
The Circus Savage
(S.R.)

George and Mike Kuchar:
Pussy on a Hot Tin Roof (S.R.; J.S.)

George Kuchar:
A Town Called Tempest (S.R.; J.S.)

Mike Kuchar:
Born of the Wind (S.R.; J.S.)

Jonas Mekas:
Guns of the Trees (1960-61)
100 Glimpses of Salvador Dali (1961– )
(S.R.)

Marie Menken:
Eye Music in Red Major (S.R.)
Arabesque for Kenneth Anger (DVD) (S.R.; D.C.)
Bagatelle for Willard Maas (S.R.)
Sidewalks (1961– ) (unfinished) (S.R.)

Bert Stern:
Jazz on a Summer’s Day (S.R.)

Stan Vanderbeek:
Wheeels # 1 (1958-61)
Skullduggery Part II (1960-61)
Snapshots of the City
(S.R.)

John Whitney:
Catalogue (S.R.; D.C.)

Vernon Zimmerman:
Lemon Hearts (1960-61) (starring Taylor Mead) (S.R.)

1962

Major Events:

December: Canyon Cinema publishes the first issue of the News, edited by Alexandra Ossipoff. (S.M.)

Jonas Mekas takes over the cooperative distribution center project called for in item number six in the manifesto drafted by the New American Cinema Group in 1960. Since that first meeting, all the filmmakers involved had basically given up on this project. (P.A.S.) (S.R. and D.C. just say that the Film-makers’ Cooperative is founded; while J.S. includes that it is founded by Jonas Mekas) (S.M. notes that the Film-makers’ Cooperative publishes its own catalogue of films it distributes and encourages theater owners to book programs dedicated to single film artists.)

Tony Conrad graduates from Harvard with a B.A. in Mathematics. (S.R.)

Film Culture 29 publishes Sidney Peterson’s article, “A Note on Comedy in the Experimental Film.” (P.A.S.)

Kenneth Anger begins living in Brooklyn in Willard Maas and Marie Menken‘s apartment. (P.A.S.)

Gregory Markopoulos is awarded a grant from the Ingram Merrill Foundation to complete the feature film Twice a Man. (J.M.)

Significant Films:

U.S.:

Bruce Baillie:
Have You Thought of Talking to the Director? (S.R.; P.A.S.; S.M.)
News # 3 (S.R.)
Everyman (S.R.)
Here Am I (S.M.)

Jordan Belson:
Illusions (1962) (not completed)
(S.R.)

Stan Brakhage:
Blue Moses (S.R.; P.A.S.; S.M.)
Silent Sound Sense Stars Subotnick & Sender (S.R.)

Robert Breer:
Horse Over Tea Kettle
Pat’s Birthday
(S.R.; P.A.S.)

Rudy Burckhardt:
How Wide Is Sixth Avenue
Shoot the Moon (with Red Grooms)
(S.R.)

Film still of Thanatopsis featuring a close-up of a man's face looking at a blurry dancer

Carmen D’Avino:
Stone Sonata
(S.R.)

Ed Emshwiller:
Thanatopsis (1960-62) (S.R.) (WATCH)

Red Grooms:
Shoot the Moon (with Rudy Burckhardt) (S.R.)

Ken Jacobs:
Blonde Cobra (1959-62) (started by Bob Fleischner) (starring Jack Smith) (S.R.; D.C.) (J.S. gives date just as 1959)

George Kuchar:
A Woman Distressed (S.R.)

George Landow:
Are Era (S.R.)

Stephen Lovi:
A Portrait of the Lady in the Yellow Hat (P.A.S.)

Marie Menken:
Zenscapes (1962– ) (unfinished)
Moonplay (1962– ) (unfinished)
(S.R.)

Ron Rice:
Senseless (S.R.)

Harry Smith:
Number 13 (S.R.)

Jack Smith:
Scotch Tape (P.A.S.) (S.R. lists as 1961)

Stan Vanderbeek:
Croquet Quacks (1962– )
The Life and Death of a Car (1962– )
Kar Bop (1962– )
(S.R.)

Vernon Zimmerman:
To L.A. … With Lust (1961-62) (starring Taylor Mead) (S.R.)

1963

Major Events:

George and Mike Kuchar become involved with the underground film scene in NYC. (J.S.)

James Broughton serves as a judge at the third International Experimental Film Competition at Knokke-le-Zoute, Belgium. (P.A.S.)

Gregory Markopoulos enters Twice a Man into the third Experimental Film Competition at Knokke-le-Zoute in Belgium where he wins a $2,000 prize. (P.A.S.)

Slavko Vorkapich gives ten lectures at the Museum of Modern Art entitled “The Visual Nature of the Film Medium.” The lecture series ended with a screening of Bruce Conner‘s A Movie. The series is attended by Gregory Markopoulos, Jonas Mekas, Willard Van Dyke and Andy Warhol.

Andy Warhol buys a 16mm camera and films Jack Smith filming Normal Love and poet John Giorno sleeping. (D.E.J.)

Andy Warhol drives to Los Angeles for an art show with friend Taylor Mead and films Tarzan and Jane, Regained Sort Of. (D.E.J.)

Significant Films:

U.S.:

Kenneth Anger:
Scorpio Rising (DVD) (D.C.; S.M.; D.E.J.) (S.R. lists as 1962-1964) (WATCH)

Bruce Baillie:
A Hurrah for Soldiers (1962-63) (S.R.; P.A.S.)
To Parsifal (S.R.; P.A.S.; S.M.) (D.C. just lists as Parsifal)

Stan Brakhage:
Oh Life, Woe Story, The A-Test News! (S.R.)
Mothlight (DVD) (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.; S.M.)

Robert Breer:
Breathing (S.R.; P.A.S.)

Shirley Clarke:
The Cool World (S.R.)

Rudy Burckhardt:
Miracle on the BMT (starring Red Grooms and Mimi Grooms) (S.R.)

Carmen D’Avino:
Pianissimo
(S.R.)

Ed Emshwiller:
Totem (1962-63) (S.R.) (D.C. just lists 1963 and also credits “with the Alwin Nicolais Dance Company”)
Fusion (1963) (with the Alwin Nicolais Dance Company) (sponsored by the Spring Mills Company to promote their linen) (D.C.)
Scrambles (1960-63) (S.R.)
George Dumpson’s Place (1961-63) (S.R.)

Ian Hugo:
The Gondola Eye
(S.R.)

Ken Jacobs:
Baudelarian Capers (1963– ) (unfinished)
(S.R.)

Larry Jordan:
The Forty and One Nights, or, Jess’s Didactic Nickelodeon (1960-63) (with Jess Collins)
(S.R.)

George Kuchar:
Lust for Ecstasy
Anita Needs Me
(S.R.)

Mike Kuchar:
The Pervert
(S.R.)

Film still of Twice a Man featuring a shirtless men framed by a glowing circle

George Landow:
Richard Kraft at the Playboy Club (S.R.)
Fleming Faloon (D.C.; P.A.S.)

Gregory Markopoulos:
Twice a Man (D.C.; P.A.S.) (S.R. lists as 1962-63)

Jonas Mekas:
Moires: Dali/Oster Newsreel (S.R.)
Film Magazine of the Arts (S.R.)
Rabbitshit Haikus (1962-63) (P.A.S.) (S.R. lists A Fool’s Haikus as 1963–, which may be the same as this)

Marie Menken:
Mood Mondrian (1961-63)
Notebook (1962-63)
(S.R.)

Paul Morrisey:
Taylor Mead Dances (starring Taylor Mead) (S.R.)

Robert Nelson:
Plastic Haircut (S.M.) (S.R. says film is made with Ron Davis and Bill Wiley; and sets created by Robert Hudson and Wiley)

Pat O’Neill:
By the Sea (D.C.)

Ron Rice:
The Queen of Sheba Meets the Atom Man (1963– ) (starring Jack Smith and Taylor Mead) (S.R.)

Barbara Rubin:
Christmas on Earth (S.M.)

Jack Smith:
Flaming Creatures (D.C.; J.S.; P.A.S.; D.E.J.) (S.R. lists as 1962-63 and adds that it stars Dolores Flores aka Mario Montez)
Normal Love (1963– ) (P.A.S.)  (S.R. also adds that it stars Mario Montez, Naomi Levine, Gerard Malanga)

Stan Vanderbeek:
Summit
(S.R.)

Andy Warhol:
Tarzan and Jane Regained … Sort of (1963) (starring Taylor Mead, Naomi Levine) (S.R.; D.C.) (D.E.J. spells title with different punctuation: Tarzan and Jane, Regained Sort Of)
Eat (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.)
Sleep (S.R.; J.S.; P.A.S.) (D.C. lists as 1963-64)

Vernon Zimmerman:
Scarface and Aphrodite
(S.R.)

France:

Alexandre Alexeieff (with Clair Parker, his wife):
Le Nez (D.C.)

1964

Major Events:

March 7: Michael A. Getz, the theater manager of the Cinema Theater in Los Angeles is arrested for showing an “obscene” film, Scorpio Rising by Kenneth Anger. May 13: Getz is convicted by a jury. December: Getz’s conviction is overturned by a superior court. (Articles)

Ken Jacobs is arrested as the theater manager screening Flaming Creatures. (S.R.)

Venice Film Festival awards Jonas MekasThe Brig the Best Documentary award. (S.R.)

The Ford Foundation gives grants to independent filmmakers. One recipient is Kenneth Anger. (P.A.S.)

12 filmmakers receive $118,500 in grants from the Ford Foundation. Recipients include Kenneth Anger, Jordan Belson, Bruce Conner and Ed Emshwiller. (Article)

Jordan Belson is offered a $10,000 grant from the Ford Foundation, even though he had given up filmmaking earlier in the decade. Initially, he refused the money, but ultimately accepted it and makes the film Re-Entry. (P.A.S.)

Stan Brakhage publishes his seminal book Metaphors on Vision. (P.A.S.) (D.C. says publication year is 1963)

Police seize Jean Genet’s Un Chant d’amour during a screening in San Francisco hosted in an abandoned church used as the headquarters of the S.F. Mime Troupe. Police took the actual film and the movie projector as “evidence” at a second showing of the film of the night Eventually, no charges were pressed by the D.A. (S.M.)

 

Significant Films:

Film still of Scorpio Rising featuring a motorcycle gang member smoking a cigarette

U.S.:

Bruce Baillie:
Mass for the Dakota Sioux (D.C.; P.A.S.) (S.R. calls film just Mass and lists as 1963-64)

Jordan Belson:
Re-Entry (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.)

Stan Brakhage:
Vein (P.A.S.)
Song I (P.A.S.) (D.C. just lists as Songs and as made “1964 onwards”)
Songs II & III (P.A.S.)
Song IV (P.A.S.)
Song V (P.A.S.)
Songs VI & VII (P.A.S.)
Song VIII (P.A.S.)

Robert Branaman:
Big Sur Movie (1964– ) (unfinished) (S.R.)

Robert Breer:
Fist Fight (S.R.; P.A.S.)

David Brooks:
Nightspring Daystar (D.C.)

Ernest Callenbach:
Varoom (1963-64) (S.M.)

Bruce Conner:
Vivian (S.R.)

Storm de Hirsch:
Goodbye in the Mirror (S.R.)

Robert Downey:
Babo 73 (starring Taylor Mead) (S.R.)

Peter Emanuel Goldman:
Night Crawlers
Duncan Hines
(S.R.)

Red Grooms:
Lurk (with Rudy Burckhardt)
Man or Mouse
(S.R.)

Ken Jacobs:
The Winter Footage
We Stole Away
(S.R.)

Larry Jordan:
Jewelface (1962-64)(S.R.)
Duo Concertantes (1962-64) (S.R.; P.A.S.) (contains Patricia Gives Birth to a Dream by the Doorway and The Centennial Exposition)
Dream Merchant (S.R.)
Pink Swine (S.R.)
Ein Traum de Liebended (A Dream of Lovers) (S.R.)

Stanton Kaye:
Georg (1962-64) (1964)
Greed
(S.R.)

George Kuchar:
The Lovers of Eternity (starring Jack Smith) (S.R.)

Mike Kuchar:
Sins of the Fleshapoids (DVD) (S.R.; J.S.)

George Landow:
Fleming Faloon (1963) (1963-64)
Fleming Faloon Screening (1963-64)
(S.R.)

Naomi Levine:
Yes
(S.R.)

Carl Linder:
The Devil Is Dead (D.C.) (S.R. says film stars Jack Smith)

Gerard Malanga:
Academy Leader
(S.R.)

Taylor Mead:
My Home Movies (D.C.)

Jonas Mekas:
The Brig (some sound editing by Adolfas Mekas)
Award Presentation to Andy Warhol
(S.R.)

Marie Menken:
Go Go Go (1962-64) (DVD) (D.C.) (S.R. lists as 1963)
Wrestling (S.R.; D.C.)

Pat O’Neill:
Bump City (D.C.)

Ron Rice:
Chumlum (DVD) (D.C.; P.A.S.) (S.R. says film stars Jack Smith, Mario Montez, Gerard Malanga)

Raymond Saroff:
Happenings I (1962-64)
Happenings II (1962-64)
(S.R.)

Ben Van Meter:
The Poontang Trilogy (S.R.) (S.M. lists as 1966 and gives title as Poon-Tang Trilogy)

Stan Vanderbeek:
Breathdeath (1964) (1963-64) (S.R.) (D.C. lists as just 1963)

Andy Warhol:
Haircut (S.R.; D.C.) (P.A.S. lists as 1963)
Blow Job (S.R.; D.C.) (J.S. lists as 1963)
Empire (D.C.; P.A.S.) (S.R. adds “with John Palmer”)
Kiss (starring Naomi Levine, Gerard Malanga) (S.R.) (J.S. lists as 1963)
Naomi and Rufus Kiss (starring Naomi Levine) (S.R.)
Roller Skate (S.R.)
Dance Movie (S.R.)
Salome and Delilah (S.R.)
Pause (S.R.)
Apple (S.R.)
Messy Lives (S.R.)
The End of Dawn (S.R.)
Lips (S.R.)
Couch (J.S.) (S.R. also says starring Naomi Levine, Gerard Malanga)
The Thirteen Most Beautiful Women (S.R.)
The Thirteen Most Beautiful Men (starring Gerard Malanga) (also called The Thirteen Most Beautiful Boys) (S.R.)
Batman Dracula (starring Jack Smith) (J.S.) (S.R. says also starring Naromi Levine and just calls Batman)
Shoulder (S.R.)
The Lester Persky Story — A Soap Opera (starring Naomi Levine, Gerard Malanga) (S.R.)
Henry Geldzahler (S.R.)
Mario Banana (starring Mario Montez) (J.S.)

1965

Major Events:

Harry Smith gives a “hilariously aggressive” lecture at Yale where he claims Giordano Bruno was the inventor of cinema. (P.A.S.)

Peter Kubelka comes to the United States. (P.A.S.)

Gregory Markopoulos is finally able to reclaim the negative for The Dead Ones from the lab where he had left it since 1949. (D.E.J.)

Significant Films:

U.S.:

Kenneth Anger:
Anger Aquarian Arcanum (prelude for Anger Magick Lantern Cycle) (S.R.)
KKK (Kustom Kar Kommandos) (DVD) (D.C.) (S.R. lists as 1964–) (P.A.S. says film is just an episode from a longer, unfinished work)

Bruce Baillie:
Quixote (1964-65) (S.R.) (S.M. lists as just 1965) (D.C. lists as 1965-66) (P.A.S. lists film as (1965, revised 1967))

Film still of Dog Star Man featuring Stan Brakhage climbing a mountain

Jordan Belson:
Phenomena (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.)

Stan Brakhage:
Dog Star Man (1961-65) (DVD) (D.C. lists as 1961-65) (P.A.S. lists as 1961-65, just 1965 and ’61-66) (S.R. lists as 1959-64)
Two: Creeley/McClure (DVD) (S.R.)
Pasht (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.)
Three Films (Blue White / Blood’s Tone / Vein) (S.R.) (D.C. lists as just Three Films)
Fire of Waters (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.)
Black Vision (S.R.)
The Art of Vision (1961-65) (D.C.)
Song IX & X (P.A.S.)
Song XI (P.A.S.)
Song XII (P.A.S.)
Song XIII (P.A.S.)
Song XIV (P.A.S.)
XV Song Traits (S.R.; P.A.S.)
Song XVI (P.A.S.)
Songs XVII & XVIII (P.A.S.)
Songs XIX & XX (P.A.S.)

Robert Branaman:
Night Lights & Day Hi’s (1964-65)
Gorda Adorg (1964-65)
Goldmouth
(S.R.)

Rudy Burckhardt:
Lurk (1964-65) (S.R.)

Bruce Conner:
Report (D.C.; P.A.S.) (S.R. lists as 1964-65)

Carmen D’Avino:
A Finnish Fable (1964-65) (S.R.)

James Davis:
Death and Transfiguration (1961-65)
Impulses
(S.R.)

Ed Emshwiller:
Body Works (S.R.) (D.C. lists as 1965–)

Storm de Hirsch:
Divinations
Peyote Queen (DVD)
(S.R.)

Peter Emanuel Goldman:
Echoes of Silence (1962-65) (S.R.)
Pestilent City (S.R.; D.C.)
Reflections on a Mexican Vision (1965– ) (unfinished) (S.R.)

Ken Jacobs:
Lisa and Joey in Connecticut: “You’ve Come Back!” “You’re Still Here!”
The Sky Socialist (1965– )
Naomi Is a Vision of Loveliness (starring Naomi Levine)
Thirties Man: Chapter One of the Big Blackout of ’65
(S.R.)

Larry Jordan:
Hamfat Asar (DVD) (S.R.; P.A.S.)
Romantic Adventure of Edward (1955, recut 1957, 1965) (S.R.)

George Kuchar:
Corruption of the Damned
Hold Me While I’m Naked (S.R.) (J.S. lists as 1964 and adds “starring Donna Kerness”) (D.E.J. lists as 1966)

Mike Kuchar:
Green Desire
(S.R.)

George Landow:
The Leopard Skin (1964-65)
Not a Case of Lateral Displacement
Adjacent Yes, But Simultaneous
This Film Will Be Interrupted After 11 Minutes By a Commercial
(S.R.)

Naomi Levine:
Jeremelu (starring Jack Smith, Gerard Malanga)
(S.R.)

Carl Linder:
Skin (starring Jack Smith)
(S.R.)

Gregory Markopoulos:
The Death of Hemingway
(S.R.)

Marie Menken:
Drips and Strips (1961-65)
Andy Warhol (starring Gerard Malanga)
Lights (1965– ) (unfinished)
(S.R.)

Andrew Meyer:
The Poor Little Match Girl (starring Gerard Malanga) (S.R.)

Guvnor Nelson and Dorothy Wiley:
Schmeerguntz
(S.R.)

Robert Nelson:
Oh Dem Watermelons (S.R.; S.M.)
Thick Pucker (1964-65) (S.R.)
Confessions of a Black Mother Succuba (D.C.; P.A.S.) (S.R. lists as 1964-65)
Oiley Pelosa the Pumph Man (1964-65) (S.R.)

Harry Smith:
Number 14 (1964-65) (S.R.) (P.A.S. lists as just 1965)

Jimmy Tirrof:
Brigit’s Dream (D.C.)

Stan Vanderbeek:
Wheeels # 4 (1958-65) (S.R.)
Dance of the Looney Spoons (1958-65) (S.R.) (D.C. lists as just 1965)
Revenge of the Looney Spoons (1958-65) (S.R.)
Science Friction (1958-65) (S.R.)
A Damn Rib Bed (1964-65) (S.R.)
Night Eating (S.R.)
Fluids (S.R.)
Phenomena (S.R.)
Facescapes (S.R.)
The Human Face Is a Monument (S.R.)
Variation 5 (S.R.)
Sight (S.R.) (D.C. includes credit “With Bob Morris and Carolee Schneemann”)
Room Service (S.R.) (D.C. includes credit “With Yvonne Rainer“)
Pastorale: Et al (S.R.)
Move-Movies (S.R.)
Feedback # 1 (S.R.)
Birth of the American Flag (1965– ) (S.R.)
Panels for the Walls of the World # 1 (S.R.)

Bill Vehr:
Avocada (S.R.; D.C.)

Andy Warhol:
Kitchen (S.R.; D.C.)
Harlot (D.C.; P.A.S.) (S.R. adds “starring Mario Montez, Gerard Malanga”)
Screen Test Number One (S.R.) (D.C. just lists as Screen Test)
Screen Test Number Two (starring Mario Montez) (S.R.) (D.C. just lists as Screen Test)
Life of Juanita Castro (S.R.; D.C.)
Vinyl (D.C.) (S.R. also lists “starring Gerard Malanga”)
Horse (S.R.; D.C.)
Drunk (S.R.)
Suicide (S.R.)
Bitch (S.R.)
Beauty Number Two (S.R.) (P.A.S. gives title as Beauty #2)
Prison (S.R.)
Poor Little Rich Girl (S.R.) (P.A.S. gives title as Poor Little Rich Girl: Party Sequence)
My Hustler (S.R.; J.S.) (D.C. lists as 1966)
Space (S.R.)
Camp (starring Jack Smith) (J.S.) (S.R. says also starring Mario Montez and Gerard Malanga)

France:

Etienne O’Leary:
Day Tripper (D.C.)

Italy:

Gianfranco Barucello and Alberto Griffi:
La Verifica Incerta (D.C.)

1966

Major Events:

August 16: In San Francisco, several filmmakers, including Bruce Conner, Ben Van Meter, Robert Nelson and Emory Menefee, meet at the Haight movie theater — commonly called “The Straight” — to discuss starting a film distribution cooperative. This is to become the Canyon Cinema Cooperative. (S.M. acknowledges that there’s a discrepancy regarding this specific date. Canyon originally printed in its Cinemanews magazine that the meeting took place on Aug. 14, but an interview with Bruce Conner places the date on Aug. 16.) (D.C. just says that Canyon Cinema Co-op is born.)

Ken Jacobs becomes the first director of the Millennium Film Workshop, a position he holds until 1968. (P.A.S.)

The Sydney Filmmakers Cooperative is founded in Australia. (S.M.)

Significant Films:

U.S.:

Kenneth Anger:
Inauguration of the Pleasure Dome (1954, recut 1966) (DVD) (S.R.; D.C.) (P.A.S. calls this the “Sacred Mushroom” version)

Bruce Baillie:
Tung (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.)
Castro Street (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.)
Still Life (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.)
All My Life (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.)
Newsreel (S.R.; D.C.)
Termination (S.R.; S.M.)
Yellow Horse (1965-66) (S.R.)

Scott Bartlett:
Metanomen (D.C.)

Stan Brakhage:
Scenes From Under Childhood (1966– ) (DVD) (S.R.) (D.C. lists as “1968 onwards”)
Songs XXI & XXII

Robert Branaman:
Ginsberg (S.R.)

George Brecht:
Entrance-Exit (D.C.)

Robert Breer:
66 (S.R.; P.A.S.)

David Brooks:
Letter to DH in Paris (D.C.)

Bruce Conner:
Looking for Mushrooms (1960-66) (D.C.) (S.R. also credits as partially photographed by Robert Branaman)

Tony Conrad:
The Flicker (1965) (1966) (S.R.) (D.C. lists as just 1966)
The Eye of Count Flickerstein (S.R.)

Carmen D’Avino:
Tarantella (S.R.)

Nathaniel Dorsky:
Summerwind (S.R.)

Stephen Dwoskin:
Alone (D.C., who calls filmmaker “Steve”)

Ed Emshwiller:
Relativity (1963-66) (S.R.) (D.C. lists as just 1966)

Peter Emanuel Goldman:
The Sensualist (S.R.)

Red Grooms:
Washington’s Wig Wham
Fat Feet
(S.R.)

Victor Guren:
Archangel (S.R.)

William Hindle:
29 Merci Merci (D.C.)

John Jones:
Claes Oldenburg Hangs a Picture (S.R.)

Larry Jordan
The Old House, Passing (P.A.S.)

Film still of Unsere Afrikareise featuring a dead zebra

Stanton Kaye:
Brandy (S.R.)

Peter Kubelka:
Unsere Afrikareise (1961-66) (D.C.; P.A.S.)

George Kuchar:
Leisure (S.R.)

Mike Kuchar:
The Secret of Wendel Samson (DVD) (S.R.)

George Landow:
Bardo Follies (P.A.S.) (D.C. lists as 1967)
Film in Which There Appear Sprocket Holes, Edge Lettering, Dirt Particles, Etc. (1965-66) (S.R.; D.C.) (P.A.S. lists as just 1966)

Gerard Malanga:
Son of Academy Leader
A Private Moment
Cambridge Diary
(S.R.)

Gregory Markopoulos:
The Illiac Passion (1964-66) (starring Andy Warhol, Clara Hoover, Jack Smith, Gerard Malanga) (S.R.) (D.C. credits title as Prometheus Bound — The Illiac Passion) (P.A.S. lists as 1968)
Galaxie (D.C.; P.A.S.) (S.R. describes film as portraits of Jasper Johns, W. H. Auden, Robert Scull and more)
Himself as Herself (S.R.; D.C.)
Ming Green (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.)
Eros O Basileus (1966– ) (S.R.)

Taylor Mead:
European Diaries (D.C.)

Jonas Mekas:
The Millbrook Report (S.R.) (D.C. lists as Report From Millbrook)
The Circus Notebook (DVD) (S.R.)
Hare Krishna (S.R.; D.C.)

Yoko Ono:
Number 4 (D.C.)

Paul Sharits:
Wrist Trick (D.C.)
Dots (D.C.)
Sears Catalogue (D.C.)
Ray Gun Virus (S.R.; D.C.; P.A.S.)
Piece Mandala/End War (P.A.S.) (D.C. lists as 1967 and gives title as Peace Mandala/End War)

Harry Smith:
Number 15 (1965-66) (S.R.)

Jack Smith:
In the Grip of the Lobster (1966– ) (Currently working on) (starring Mario Montez) (S.R.)

Warren Sonbert:
Hall of Mirrors (starring Gerard Malanga)
(S.R.)

Stan Vanderbeek:
See Saw Seems (1965-66) (S.R.)
If You Say So (1965-66) (S.R.)
Snow Show (1965-66) (S.R.)
Collide-oscope (S.R.)
When in the Course of (1966– ) (S.R.)
Spherical Space (D.C. also lists credit “With Elaine Summers”)
Computer Art (number one) (D.C.)

Ben Van Meter:
Color Film
Up Tight, L.A. Is Burning … Shit
(S.R.)

Bill Vehr:
Brothel (D.C.) (S.R. says film stars Jack Smith, Mario Montez)

Andy Warhol:
Whips (S.R.)
Faces (S.R.)
More Milk Yvette (starring Mario Montez) (S.R.)
Hedy (The Fourteen Year Old Girl) (starring Mario Montez) (S.R.) (D.C. lists as Hedy (The Shopper)) (P.A.S. lists title as just Hedy) (J.S. and D.E.J. also just lists title as Hedy, but lists year as 1965)
The Bed (S.R.)
The Chelsea Girls (J.S.; P.A.S.) (S.R. also says starring Gerard Malanga) (D.C. lists as 1965-66)
I a Man (D.C.)

James Whitney
Lapis (1963-1966) (P.A.S.)

England:

Len Lye:
Particles in Space (1961-66) (D.C.) (S.R. credits as just 1966)

Malcolm Le Grice:
Castle 1 (The Light-Bulb Film) (D.C.)

1967

Major Events:

February 26: Canyon Cinema officially incorporates. (S.M. actually gives two dates for this: Chapter 1 says Feb. 26, while Chapter 2 says Feb. 20.)

Jacques Ledoux, director of the Cinémathèque Royale de Belgique, visits the U.S. to find films for the next International Experimental Film Competition. He also gives color film stock to several filmmakers, including James Broughton, in hopes they’ll make something for the Competition. (P.A.S.)

Kenneth Anger has his footage for Lucifer Rising stolen. (P.A.S.)

Bruce Baillie suffers a near fatal bout of hepatitis. (P.A.S.)

Significant Films:

U.S.:

Kenneth Anger:
Lucifer Rising (1966-67) (DVD) (D.C. lists as the “stolen version”) (S.R. lists as just 1966– ) (D.E.J. lists as 1966-80)

Bruce Baillie:
Valentin de las Sierras (P.A.S.)

Scott Bartlett:
Off/On (D.C.)

Jordan Belson:
Samadhi (1966-67) (S.R.) (D.C. lists as just 1967)

Stan Brakhage:
Song XXIII: 23rd Psalm Branch (DVD) (1966-67) (P.A.S.) (S.R. lists as just 1966)
Songs XXIV & XXV
Song XXVI

James Broughton:
The Bed (DVD) (P.A.S.)

Bruce Conner:
Breakaway (1966-67) (portrait of Antonia Christina Basilotta) (S.R.)

Stephen Dwoskin:
Chinese Checkers (D.C., who calls filmmaker “Steve”)

Burton C. Gershfield:
Now That the Buffalo’s Gone (D.C.)

Hilary Harris:
Nine Variations on a Dance Theme (D.C.)

William Hindle:
FFFTCM (Fan Fare for the Common Man) (D.C.)

Kurt Kren:
15/67 TV (D.C.)

George Kuchar:
Mosholu Holiday
Eclipse of the Sun Virgin
(S.R.)

Mike Kuchar:
Madonna (S.R.)

Gregory Markopoulos:
Through a Lens Brightly: Mark Turbyfill (P.A.S.) (D.C. lists as 1966)
Bliss (P.A.S.)

Robert Nelson:
The Great Blondino (P.A.S.) (S.M. lists as made with William T. Wiley)  (S.R. lists as 1966-67 )
Hot Leatherette (1966-67) (S.R.)
Jimmy Witherspoon & Penny Bright (1966-67) (S.R.)
The Off-Handed Jape (1966-67) (S.R.)
Super Spread (1966-67) (S.R.)
Half Open and Lumpy (1966-67) (S.R.)
Awful Backlash (1966-67) (S.R.)  (P.A.S. lists as just 1967; calls film The Awful Backlash)

Film still of Wavelength by Michael Snow

Pat O’Neill:
7362 (1965-67) (D.C.)

Michael Snow:
Wavelength (P.A.S.; D.E.J.) (D.C. calls filmmaker “Mike”)

Andy Warhol:
Bike Boy (D.C.)
Lonesome Cowboys (D.C.)

Joyce Wieland:
1933 (D.C.)
Sailboat (D.C.)

Australia:

Albie Thoms:
Bolero (D.C.)

Belgium:

Philippe Graff:
Narcose (D.C.)

Roland Lethem:
La Ballade des Amants Maudits (D.C.)

England:

Mike Dunford:
Bogen
Schnitte für ABABA
(D.C.)

France:

Etienne O’Leary:
Homeo (D.C.)

Germany:

Gerd Conradt:
Frederic Rzewski isst bei Carlone — Via della Luce 55 — Rom Italien — 26 August (D.C.)

William and Birgit Hein:
S+W (D.C.)

Lutz Mommartz:
Eisenbahn (D.C.)

1968

Significant Films:

U.S.:

Scott Bartlett:
A Trip to the Moon (D.C.)

Stan Brakhage:
My Mountain Song XXVII (P.A.S.)
Song XXVIII (P.A.S.)

David Brooks:
Eel Creek (D.C.)

Stephen Dwoskin:
Me Myself and I (D.C., who calls filmmaker “Steve”)

Ron Finne:
How Old Is the Water (D.C.)

Hollis Frampton:
Maxwell’s Demon (P.A.S.)
Surface Tension (P.A.S.)

Ulrich Hertzog:
Film 2 Tiel 1 (D.C.)

William Hindle:
Chinese Firedrill (D.C.)
Billabong (D.C.)

Ken Jacobs:
Soft Rain (P.A.S.) (D.C. lists as 1969)

George Landow:
The Film That Rises to the Surface of Clarified Butter (D.C.; P.A.S.)

David Lourie:
Project One (D.C.)

Gregory Markopoulos:
Gammelion (P.A.S.) (D.C. lists as 1967)

Paul Morrissey:
Flesh (D.C.; D.E.J.) (S.R. credits to Andy Warhol and lists Paul Morrissey as co-producer, plus says starring Joe D’Allesandro)

Larry Jordan
Gymnopedies (P.A.S.)

Yoko Ono:
Smile (D.C.)

Film still of T,O,U,C,H,I,N,G by Paul Sharits featuring a man getting his tongue cut

Carolee Schneemann:
Fuses (1964-68) (P.A.S.)

Paul Sharits:
N:O:T:H:I:N:G (P.A.S.)
T,O,U,C,H,I,N,G (P.A.S.)

Jack Smith:
No President aka The Kidnapping and Auctioning of Wendell Wilkie By the Love Bandit (1967-68) (J.S.) (P.A.S. lists as 1969 and only uses title No President)

Michael Stewart:
Free-Form (D.C.)

Andy Warhol:
**** (D.C.)
Imitation of Christ (D.C.)
Nude Restaurant (D.C.)

John Whitney:
Permutations (D.C.)

Albie Thoms:
Marinetti (D.C.)

Belgium:

Louis Langled:
Junkies Island (D.C.)

England:

Mike Dunford:
C Movie (D.C.)

Jeff Keen:
Marvo Movies (1967-68) (D.C.)

Malcolm Le Grice:
Castle 2 (D.C.)
Blind White Duration (D.C.)

France:

Pierre Clementi:
Visa de Censure (1967-68) (D.C.)

Italy:

Antonio DeBernardi:
Dei (D.C.)

Guido Lombardi:
Sviluppo Number 2 (D.C.)

1969

Major Events:

January: Intermedia Film Cooperative forms in Vancouver, British Columbia. (S.M.)

In an ad in Esquire magazine, the company Bauer touts its super 8 camera as “The Underground Movie Camera.” (D.E.J.)

Significant Films:

U.S.:

Kenneth Anger:
Invocation of My Demon Brother (DVD) (D.C.; P.A.S.; D.E.J.)

Scott Bartlett:
Moon 69 (D.C.)

Jordan Belson:
Momentum (1968-69) (D.C.) (P.A.S. lists as just 1969)
Special effects for Doppelgänger (Journey to the Far Side of the Sun (1968-69)) (D.C.)

Stan Brakhage:
Song XXIX (P.A.S.)
American Thirties Song (P.A.S.)

Robert Breer:
69 (P.A.S.)

James Broughton:
The Nuptiae (P.A.S.)

Fred Drummond:
Shower Proof (D.C.)

Stephen Dwoskin:
Take Me (D.C., who calls filmmaker “Steve”)

Ed Emshwiller:
Image, Flesh and Voice (D.C.)

Hollis Frampton:
Prince Rupert’s Drops (P.A.S.)
Palindrome (P.A.S.)

Ernie Gehr:
Reverberation (P.A.S.)

William Hindle:
Watersmith (D.C.)

Film still from Our Lady of the Sphere by Larry Jordan

Ken Jacobs:
Tom, Tom, the Piper’s Son (P.A.S.) (D.C. lists film as 1968-69 and doesn’t use punctuation in title)

Larry Jordan
Our Lady of the Sphere (P.A.S.)
Hildur and the Magician (S.M.)

George Landow:
Institutional Quality (P.A.S.)

Saul Levine:
Note to Patti (1968/9) (D.C.)

Gregory Markopoulos:
Political Portraits (D.C.; P.A.S.)

Pat O’Neill:
Screen (D.C.)

Yoko Ono:
Apotheosis (D.C.)

Michael Snow:
<——-> (P.A.S.) (D.C. calls filmmaker “Mike”)
One Second in Montreal

Peter Ungerleider:
Under My Thumb (D.C.)

Andy Warhol:
Fuck (Blue Movie) (Louis and Viva) (D.C.)

John Waters:
Mondo Trasho (J.S.)

Joyce Wieland:
La Raison avant la Passion (D.C.)

Germany:

William and Birgit Hein:
625 (D.C.)