Underground Film Journal

Bruce Conner

Bruce Conner was a leading figure of the San Francisco underground film movement of the 1960s, and was a prolific artist, sculptor and filmmaker all the way up until his death on July 7, 2008.

While running a film society at the University of Colorado in the late '50s, Conner met the filmmaker Stan Brakhage who encouraged the artist to begin making films. Conner's first work, A Movie (1958), was — and continues to be — a groundbreaking and highly influential film comprised of entirely found footage, with the exception of repeating title cards.

Upon moving to San Francisco, Conner was an early and extremely vocal member of the Canyon Cinema underground film distribution company.

Conner continued to make primarily found footage films throughout his art career, although he also directed several original documentaries and other works.


Easter Morning (2008)
His Eye on Sparrow (2006)
Eve-Ray-Forever (2006)
Luke (2004)
Looking For Mushrooms (Long Version) (1996)
Television Assassination (1995)
America Is Waiting (1981)
Mea Culpa (1981)
Valse Triste (1978)
Mongoloid (1978)
Take the 5:10 to Dreamland (1977)
Crossroads (1976)
Marilyn Times Five (1968-1973)
Permian Strata (1969)
Looking for Mushrooms (Short version) (1967)
The White Rose (1967)
Report (1963-67)
Breakaway (1966)
Easter Morning Raga (1966)
Ten Second Film (1965)
Vivian (1964)
Cosmic Ray (1961)
A Movie (1958)


Canyon Cinema Cooperative: Catalogue No. 2, Supplement No. 1
In 1966, after six years of existence, the Canyon Cinema experimental film collective of San Francisco, California started its own cooperative distribution center, first listing films in the November ’66 issue of their News newsletter, in which they stated that they would be following in the footsteps of New York City’s Film-Makers’ Cooperative that had
Robert Beck Memorial Cinema: 1998 Screenings
This is Part Two in a series of articles on the Robert Beck Memorial Cinema (RBMC). As detailed in Part One, the RBMC was an experimental film screening series in New York City, started by filmmaker Brian L. Frye. Frye programmed the first screening on May 12, 1998 at the Collective Unconscious theater space. The
Experimental Film Coalition: The Monthly Screenings
This is Part Two in a series about Chicago’s Experimental Film Coalition; and covers their screening series. Formed in 1983, the Experimental Film Coalition started holding regular monthly screenings starting in 1984. The screenings brought to Chicago the work of independent, experimental filmmakers across the country, as well as screening local work.
Sheldon Renan’s Classic Underground Film Book Now Online
An Introduction to the American Underground Film, the seminal book on avant-garde and experimental film history written by Sheldon Renan in 1967, is now available for free download at Archive.org. Anybody who is even slightly interested in underground film history needs to download this important book. Renan’s book has been long out of print and