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June 18, 2017

Scorpio Rising: The 1964 Los Angeles Obscenity Trial

A motorcycle rider has a fatal crash in a film still from Kenneth Anger's Scorpio Rising

In the Spring of 1964, Los Angeles theater manager Michael A. Getz was arrested and placed on trial for screening Kenneth Anger‘s Scorpio Rising. Below are several articles the Underground Film Journal has found that follow the progression of the case.

From the Los Angeles Times, March 3, 1964:

Festival Entry Scheduled for Cinema’s Screen

Hallelujah the Hills,” American entry at the first New York Film Festival last September, will begin an engagement at the Cinema Theater on Wednesday.

The comedy also represented the U.S. at Cannes, Montreal, Locarno, Mannheim, and London.

This comedy which stars Peter H. Beard, Sheila Finn, Marty Greenbaum and Peggy Steffans was shot in Vermont.

Scorpio Rising,” a short subject will accompany the feature.

From the Los Angeles Times, March 21, 1964:

Anger’s ‘Fireworks’ Screening at Cinema

The Cinema Theater has added “Fireworks” by Kenneth Anger to its current bill featuring “Hallelujah the Hills.” “Fireworks” replaces Anger’s “Scorpio Rising.”

From the Los Angeles Times, April 20, 1964:


Movie Censorship War Flickers Up Once More

by Art Seidenbaum
Times Staff Writer

The obscenity argument is with us once more, this time in film form.

It clouds around a motion picture called “Scorpio Rising,” a one-man effort by local film maker Kenneth Anger. During the shank of a March Saturday night the Los Angeles vice squad dropped into the Cinema Theater long enough to confiscate Anger’s extended short subject.

In mid-March, Michael Getz, manager of the Cinema, was arraigned for “exhibiting an obscene film.” His trial happens Wednesday. Meanwhile, Mr. Getz is carrying a print of Anger’s movie around town, trying to round up a series of experts who will testify that it is not obscene.


From the Los Angeles Times, April 30, 1964:

Film Labeled as Lewd to Be Seen in Court

Selection of a jury began Wednesday for the trial of Michael A. Getz, 24, theater manager charged with exhibiting a lewd film.

Prospective jurors in Municipal Judge Bernard S. Selber’s court were told that the film, “Scorpio Rising,” confiscated when Getz was arrested March 7, will be shown in court.

Manager Arrested

Getz was taken into custody at the Cinema Theater, 1122 N Western Ave., by four Hollywood police officers, after they had viewed the motion picture.

The arresting officers said the film dealt principally with homosexuality.

Getz, of 2186 Broadview Terrace, told officers that the picture was produced by Kenneth Anger, who recently was awarded a $10,000 grant by the Ford Foundation for the production of a documentary film on automobiles.

From the Van Nuys Valley News, December 10, 1964:

Lewd Film Conviction Reversed

The appellate department of Superior Court today had reversed the Municipal Court obscenity conviction of a theater manager after declaring the film “Scorpio Rising” is not hard core pornography.

An all-woman jury last May 13 convicted Michael A. Getz 24, of 2186 Broadview Terrace, Los Angeles, of exhibiting a lewd film at the Cinema Theater, 1122 N Western Ave., Hollywood.

However, Judges Harold P Huls, A. Curtis Smith and Frank Swain found that the movie, which deals principally with homosexuality, does not fall under the obscenity statute, which defines obscenity to mean: “..that to the average person, applying contemporary standards, the predominant appeal of the matter taken as a whole is to the prurient interest…”

Municipal Court Judge Bernard S. Selber had sentenced Getz to a $500 fine or 50 days in jail. Sentence was stayed pending appeal.

The appellate judges ordered the conviction reversed and the charge was dismissed.

Underground Film Journal notes: Looking at this case from a historical perspective, it seems absolutely ludicrous that it even happened, especially when the only “crime” here is that some imagery appeared to have some homosexual overtones. In 1964, it was a crime to even appear to be gay.

Perhaps the most hilarious aspect of the entire event is that in response to Scorpio Rising being confiscated, the Cinema Theater replaced the film with Anger’s earlier film, Fireworks, which arguably is even more overtly homosexual.

Mike Getz would go on to have long career as a film programmer. The Alternative Projections project recently interviewed Getz about his career and about the Scorpio Rising incident. The interview gives an interesting insight into what it was like programming underground films in the ’60s.

Online Cinema

June 25, 2017

Scorpio Rising — Kenneth Anger

Scorpio Rising by Kenneth Anger. Completed in 1963.

The film opens with a title card of Anger’s production company. It reads “Puck Film Productions”, along with the tagline “What fools these Mortals be!” The film’s title appears about a minute and a half into it, which is studded onto the back of a man’s motorcycle jacket. Beneath the studded title is the filmmaker’s name, Kenneth Anger. The film concludes with the word “End” on a man’s belt, followed by the same opening Puck Film Productions title card.

While none of the on-screen participants are credited on the film, the booklet accompanying Fantoma’s DVD restoration of the film gives these credits:

Bruce Byron (Scorpio); Johnny Sapienza (Taurus};Frank Carifi (Leo); John Palone (Pinstripe); Ernie Allo (The Life Of The Party); Barry Rubin (Pledge); Steve Crandell (The Sissy Cyclist)

A motorcycle rider has a fatal crash in a film still from Kenneth Anger's Scorpio Rising

The DVD booklet also gives a release year of 1964, which is either an error or may be the year Anger considered the film “complete.” However, the film most definitely screened in 1963. Jonas Mekas wrote about the film on November 14, 1963 in his “Movie Journal” column and the book compilation of those columns includes a movie poster announcing a screening of the film at the Gramercy Arts Theatre on November 11, presumably of the same year. Scorpio Rising screened as part of a retrospective of Anger’s work up until that point.

In 1964 in Los Angeles, Scorpio Rising screened as the opening short film before the feature Hallelujah the Hills by Adolfas Mekas. After screening for several weeks, theater manager Michael A. Getz was arrested for showing an “obscene” film. Getz was later found guilty after a jury trial, but his conviction was ultimately overturned by a superior court.

Since then, Scorpio Rising has become considered a pioneering masterpiece of homoerotic cinema, written about in numerous books, such as P. Adams Sitney’s Visionary Film. You can also read more about the film on the Underground Film Journal here.

This film and more can be found on the excellently produced DVD box-set by Fantoma that presents restored versions of Anger’s infamous Magick Lantern Cycle and others.