Underground Film Journal

Feature Article

October 14, 2018

Movie Journal: Rise of the “Underground”

Cover to the 2nd edition of Movie Journal by Jonas Mekas featuring the author with a movie camera

In the Summer 1961 edition of Film Quarterly, Stan Vanderbeek was the first person to refer to experimental filmmaking as the "underground." A filmmaker himself, Vanderbeek was frustrated that his work and the films of his peers -- such as Stan Brakhage, Hilary Harris, Robert Breer and Robert Frank -- was not being considered as serious art by the broader cinematic culture.

Eventually, the term "underground film" would become part of the regular movie vernacular, but was it adopted slowly or quickly after its first appearance in 1961?

Jonas Mekas's "Movie Journal" column in the Village Voice was the main organ promoting experimental and avant-garde cinema in the early 1960s. A survey of the column from that time period has shown that Mekas did not use the term "underground film" very frequently.

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Online Cinema

August 25, 2018

Flight Paths — Robert Todd

Flight Paths by Robert Todd.

The Underground Film Journal mourns the passing of prolific experimental filmmaker Robert Todd, who passed away on August 18, 2018.

Todd was Professor and Associate Chair in the Department of Visual and Media Arts at Emerson College in Boston, Massachusetts. During his lifetime, he produced an extraordinary body of work in the form of short, experimental films that primarily captured his environment in minute and poetic detail. Many of these films are available to view on Vimeo.

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Featured Streaming


Wide thumbnail image for B.I.K.E.

A well-to-do young man attempts to become a member of the Brooklyn chapter of the infamous Black Label Bicycle Club, an anti-corporate organization that promotes living outside of society’s social norm. Starring: Anthony Howard, Waugh Amanda, Jennifer Bezak, Conrad Carlson

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