Underground Film Journal

Posted In » Online Cinema

Jammin’ The Blues — Gjon Mili

By Mike Everleth ⋅ July 16, 2017

Jammin’ the Blues by Gjon Mili. Completed in 1944.

Gjon Mili is primarily known for his work as a photographer, particularly his portraits and experimental use of strobe lighting, much of which appeared in Life magazine.

In the book Norman Granz: The Man Who Used Jazz for Justice, author Tad Hershorn goes into great detail in the making and release of the film. After building a career as a photographer in New York City, Mili was flown to Los Angeles by Warner Bros. to see if he would be a good motion picture director. Mili proposed a jazz film to producer Gordon Hollingshead, which the studio moved forward on. Granz, the subject of Hershorn’s book, is listed as the Technical Director of the film in the opening credits (see below).

Jammin’ the Blues was filmed over four days in September 1944, and released that December. There was some controversy surrounding the film due to the almost exclusively African-American cast. Barney Kessel was cast as the only Caucasian musician, and his race is primarily disguised by the shadowy lighting.

Jazz musicians jamming

The film opened to positive reviews and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Short Subject. It lost to Who’s Who in Animal Land, a Paramount film.

The original source of the above bootlegged film is unknown.

The film also did screen in the Spring 1947 edition of the Art in Cinema series, the catalog of which does note that the film was produced by Warner Bros. and was screened courtesy of the studio.

The opening credits lists all of the musicians appearing in the film, but not the songs. The biography Billie Holiday: Wishing on the Moon by Donald Clarke notes that the song sung by Marie Bryant is “On the Sunny Side of the Street.” According to Clarke, Holiday and Bryant were lifelong friends beginning in the 1930s.

The full opening title credits read as follows:

Warner Bros. Pictures, Inc.
Jammin’ the Blues

Lester Young
Red Callender
Harry Edison
Marlowe Morris
Sidney Catlett
Barney Kessel
Joe Jones
John Simmons
Illinois Jacquet
Marie Bryant
Archie Savage

Produced by
Gordon Hollingshead

Photographed by..Robert Burks, A.S.C.
Technical Director….Norman Granz
Film Editor…….Everett Dodd
Sound by..Charles David Forrest
Art Director……..Roland Hill

Copyrighted MCMXLIV
By the Vitaphone Corporation
All Rights Reserved

Directed by Gjon Mili

The film concludes with a THE END card.